New Collaborative Text Editor App

December 12, 2012

By Bob Potter

Multi-user text editor iconDisplaying and editing text can be accomplished with several tools in Open Wonderland.  These include Sticky Notes, the PDF Viewer and via the Shared Applications server using Open Office or web-based editors such as Google Docs. Each of these, however, comes with significant limitations.  Sticky Notes are best used for short pieces of text.  The PDF Viewer will show text documents but not permit them to be edited.  Open Office editing is limited to documents managed on the application server, and due to the nature of shared applications, does not support cut and paste from the user’s computer. The cut and paste limitation also applies to web-based apps. In addition to the cut and paste limitation, the usability of the web-based editors is not optimal because of the large overhead of editing text in a web browser on the application server. Additionally, given the nature of shared apps, there can be lags in viewing text updates in Open Office or other Xll apps. Finally, shared applications place a significant overhead on the application server, especially when the user is navigating and editing text.

Frequently in our Wonderland community meetings, we have experienced the need for a text editor that can:

  1. Display a large amount of text,
  2. Be edited concurrently by multiple users,
  3. Support cut and paste from the user’s system,
  4. Import selected file types using drag-and-drop; and
  5. Export the edited text back to the user’s computer.

The new Collaborative Text Editor module recently uploaded to the Module Warehouse meets these needs for routine text editing.

Collaborative Text Editor

Using the Collaborative Text Editor for note-taking in an Open Wonderland community meeting.

Once the module has been installed, a text editor can been inserted into the world using the Insert –> Object dialog.  To edit text, one or more users can take control of the editor, move the cursor to the desired location, and start typing.  The editor is limited to plain text and does not yet support any formatting such as bold and italic. There are two buttons in the lower right of the frame.  The “Sync” button can be used to refresh the display with the master copy of the document stored on the server.  This function is only required if the text appears to get out of sync when multiple people are typing or editing at the same time.  The second button, labelled “Export,” will bring up the Save File dialog, permitting the user to save a copy of the file to their own computer.

The Collaborative Text Editor supports drag and drop of text files. If a user drops in a file with the .txt, .log, .html, .java or .xml extension, the editor will automatically open and display the document. Note that since this is a text editor, it will display the Java, html, or xml source, complete with all the code and markup information. Files dropped into the world can be edited and saved back to the user’s system via the export capability.

This editor is based on the work Jonathan Kaplan (Chief Architect of the Open Wonderland Foundation) had done for the programming demo module called “Sorting Algorithms.”   Within that module, Jon had developed a code editor that permitted concurrent editing by users.  This current collaborative editor was developed by extracting and enhancing this code to create a generic text editor application.

Technical Details

The module contains both client and server code to manage the concurrent insertion and deletion of text.  Since users are actually editing slightly different copies of the same document, both the clients and the server need to adjust the position of each insertion (or deletion) based on the current state of the document in their space.  The server’s responsibility is more complex. It is receiving messages from multiple clients, each possibly being a different version from what is in the server’s master copy.  The server transforms each of these changes into the most recent version and forwards these on to the clients.  The clients have to ensure that any local modifications that have occurred since their last update has been applied are considered when determining the target position of the changes received from the server.

The code for this module is presently hosted on GitHub. (  The standard Open Wonderland license applies to this module. This is still a work in progress. I would appreciate your feedback.


OWL Showcase: STCC ESL Virtual Campus

December 3, 2012

By Nicole Yankelovich

Please join us for an informative OWL Showcase on Wednesday. We will be visiting Springfield Technical Community College’s (STCC) virtual campus currently being used to teach English as a Second Language (ESL).

OWL Showcase: STCC ESL Virtual Campus
Wednesday, December 5th
1-2pm US Eastern time
(see event time in your time zone)
Registration on Eventbrite required

WonderBuilders has worked with the STCC faculty to create an extensive learning environment for ESL students.

Collage of STCC virtual campus

Selection of STCC virtual campus spaces

In this US National Science Foundation sponsored project, two ESL classrooms are completing their first semester-long deployment of Open Wonderland. During the tour, attendees will have the opportunity to try out some of the in-world activities designed for students including recording audio conversations, going on an activity scavenger hunt, participating in a photo hunt, and creating a custom fair booth.

Registration is required for this event. Since this not a public world, the URL for the server will not be made public. The login information will only be sent to people who register using the Eventbrite link above.

If you plan on attending and have a smart phone, please consider taking some photos using Instagram so you can more fully participate in the “photo hunt” activity. You can see a preview of this activity in the ESL Department’s recently published Photo Hunt album on Facebook as well as a preview of the Multi-Cultural Fair Booth Activity.

If you are not able to make the tour on Wednesday, there is a possibility of another tour on Sunday, December 16th at 2pm US Eastern time. If enough people express interest, we will set up a second tour on that date. To express interest, please leave a comment on this blog article or post a message on the Open Wonderland forum.

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